FEATURED ARTICLES

The Suhayl 2014 Vol 13
The Suhayl 2014 Vol 13 - International Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation FSTC is pleased to bring to the attention of readers the availability...
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EuroNews.com: Brussels exhibition highlights Ottoman influence
"The Sultan’s World exhibition runs in Brussels until 31 May 2015. It then travels to Krakow, Poland."
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The renaissance of astronomy in Baghdad in the 9th and 10th centuries
[Note of the editor] This article was published in 2003 as: David A. King, "The renaissance of astronomy in Baghdad in the ninth and tenth centuries: A list of publications, mainly from the last 50...
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International Women's Day 2015
To celebrate Women’s Day on 8th March, no way is better than reproducing a collection of articles written by FSTC scholars and associates on the achievements of women in Muslim...
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World Book Day 2015 (UK & Ireland)
World Book Day is a yearly event on 5th March, "designated by UNESCO as a worldwide celebration of books and reading, and marked in over 100 countries all over the world"*. On this occasion, we are...
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Eye Specialists in Islamic Cultures
"I invite you... to go back with me 1000 years to consider the fascinating history of the old Arabian ophthalmology which I have studied in the past five years." With these words Julius Hirschberg,...
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The Science of Restoring and Balancing – The Science of Algebra
Muslim contributions in the field of mathematics have been both varied and far reaching. This article by Mahbub Ghani (from the Department of Electronic Engineering at King's College, London...
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Zheng He - the Chinese Muslim Admiral
The Beijing Olympic Games started on Friday 8 August 2008 with a dramatic opening ceremony featuring a cast of thousands performers that celebrated the arts and achievements of China's long history....
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The Islamic Heritage in China: A General Survey
In this article, Anthony Garnaut, an expert of the Muslim Chinese culture, focuses on the Islamic heritage in China and its relevance to understanding both the evolution of Chinese history and...
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The Legacy of Muslim Kung Fu Masters
An important legacy of Islam in China is represented by Muslim Kung Fu, developed throughout history by Muslim Masters, who merged in their endeavour and training between physical and spiritual...
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The Ethical Theory of Education of Ahmad Miskawayh
Abu `Ali Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Ya'qub Miskawayh (932-1030) is a brilliant intellectual and philosopher of 10th-century Buwayhid Baghdad. His effect on Islamic philosophy is mainly concerned with...
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Architecture of Al-Azhar
Of the many splendours of Egypt, the Al-Azhar stands as a landmark in its architectural and cultural history, marking the beginning of the Fatimid rule and the foundation of its capital Cairo (Al-...
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RECENT ARTICLES

The Mechanical Water Clock Of Ibn Al-Haytham
The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) announces their new achievement in...
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Importance of Culture in Ecological Dialogue
Professor Al-Hassani addressed in a keynote lecture the 16th Eurasian Economic Summit organised in Istanbul...
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Mosque of Whirling Colours: A Mixture of Architecture and Art in Nasīr al-Mulk Mosque in Shiraz, Iran
There are numerous mosques all around the world. Each has a design of its own. However, in order to be...
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World Book Day 2015 (UK & Ireland)
World Book Day is a yearly event on 5th March, "designated by UNESCO as a worldwide celebration of books and...
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The Third Edition of 1001 Inventions Book: Enduring Legacy of Muslim Civilization (Source)
Call for Critical Reviewers for 4th Edition of 1001 Inventions
The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) is about to undertake a critical review of one...
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PICTURE GALLERIES

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Figure 2: The Balkans region according to Piri Reis in 1513. (Source: www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2012/08/evliya-celebi-early-modern-travel-and.html)
Figure 3: Careva Džamija or "The Emperor's Mosque."
Figure 4: Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque, School, Library complex.
Figure 5: Outer walls of the Bezistan (covered market places) which was destroyed in the siege of Sarajevo, but has since reopened and is once again a trade centre lined with tiny boutiques, cafes and souvenir shops. (Source: www.sarajevofunkytours.com).
Figure 6: The Bezistan is renowned for its haberdashery and craftsmanship. (Source: www.sarajevofunkytours.com).
Figure 7: Inside the contemporary Bezistan. (Source: www.sarajevofunkytours.com).
Figure 8: Domes of the Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque.
Figure 9: Fountain at the Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque.
Figure 10: Interior of the Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque.
Figure 11: Front view, Sarajevo clock tower. (Source: sarajevo.travel/en/things-to-do/sarajevos-old-clock-tower/181).
Figure 12: Close up of the Ottoman clock dial which still displays Arabic numerals so as to guide people for their daily prayers. (Source: sarajevo.travel/en/things-to-do/sarajevos-old-clock-tower/181).
Figure 13: Kuršumlija Medresa, where books/manuscripts used to be held. (Source: www.ghb.ba/index.php/en/about-us/new-building).
Figure 14 & 15: The newly built Gazi Husrev-Begova Library located on Gazi Husrev-Begova street. (Source: www.ghb.ba/index.php/en/about-us/new-building).
Figure 16: The “Kozja ćuprija” (Goat’s Bridge), built in the 16th century in legacy of the grand vizier Mehmed Pasha Sokolović. This single-arch bridge is 42 m in length and is an example of exceptional aesthetics. It is defined by two large round side holes to facilitate the construction and to serve as decoration. (Source: islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/the_ottoman_bridges_in_sarajevo/).
Figure 17: The “Šeher-Ćehaja” Bridge, most likely named after one of Sarajevo’s governors, Ćehaja. It is a standard bridge with multiple arches. Its beauty is reflected in the poles with distinguished pedestals. The buttresses and the accentuated sculptural serves as a protection from the floods. The bridge is 40 metres in length at present, though was originally longer. (Source: islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/the_ottoman_bridges_in_sarajevo/).
Figure 18: Muqarnas from the Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque, Sarajevo. (Source: islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/the_ottoman_bridges_in_sarajevo/).
Figure 19: The 'Latinska ćuprija' or Latin bridge is said to have received its name after the 'Latin mahala' district where merchants from Dubrovnik and other parts of Europe resided. The original bridge was built in the 16th century, but was destroyed in the flood and fully reconstructed in 1798. Sarajevan merchant, Abdullah Briga, left a charity endowment in his will, granting enough means that were used to fund the reconstruction. It stands at 40 metres in length and the bridge only has four arches visible, from the original five. (Source: islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/the_ottoman_bridges_in_sarajevo/).
Figure 20: The Roman Bridge is contested to be one of the most unique bridges from the existing four bridges. Although, the name can be misleading, as the bridge was built in the first half of the 16th century, it is still to be established who exactly built this bridge. Some claim the patron was Rustem Pasha, the Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, whilst others argue that it could also have been Semiz Ali Pasha or Gazi Ali Pasha. However, the name is likely to have derived from the ancient Roman road, or what is more likely, by the remnants of stone collected from Roman ruins used in the construction of this bridge. The bridge is 52 metres in length and is an example of extraordinary synergy between architecture and natural environment. (Source: islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/the_ottoman_bridges_in_sarajevo/).
Figure 21: A google doodle honouring Evliya Çelebi’s 400th Birth Anniversary. (Source: http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/teknoloji/17367802.asp).
Figure 22: With the rise of economic and social standards in the early 16th Century, different religious and ethnic communities such as the Orthodox Christian and Jewish communities migrated to Sarajevo en masse. (Source: www.sarajevofunkytours.com).
Figure 23: Sali Shahsivari presenting his lecture in the "1001 Inventions" conference. © FSTC 2010.
Figure 24: The Sebilj Fountain, Baščaršija, Old Town, Sarajevo.
Figure 2: Professor Jim Al-Khalili, British Theoretical Nuclear Physicist, Academic, Author and Broadcaster, browsing through the book “1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World” Source: www.1001inventions.com/mt/archives/blog_26/ProfJimAl-KhaliliBook.jpg
Figure 3: Jim Al-Khalili together with Professor Salim Al-Hassani, President of FSTC, at BHA 2013 Hollyoake Lecture Source: www.muslimheritage.com/uploads/Jim_Al-Khalili_13_10_22_7752.jpg
Figure 4: Professor Jim Al-Khalili presenting his lecture in the "1001 Inventions" conference in the Science Museum in London, June 2010. Source: www.muslimheritage.com/article/statement-professor-jim-al-khalili-opening-session

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