FEATURED ARTICLES

Announcement: On New FSTC Historiography
1.     Introduction The 1001 Inventions exhibition and accompanying literature and film have met with success and have been very popular. The...
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Omar Sharif’s final film dedicated to his legacy
Actor Omar Sharif’s final film “1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham” has been dedicated to his legacy. Legendary Oscar-nominated actor Omar Sharif, who died on Friday 10 July 2015 in a...
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The International Year of Light Sheds Light on the Dark Ages
The UNESCO International Year of Light and Light-Based Technologies is a multi-faceted celebration of light in its scientific, technological and cultural context. Central to this has been the...
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The Astronomical Clock of Taqi Al-Din: Virtual Reconstruction
In his book The Brightest Stars for the Construction of Mechanical Clocks (Al-Kawakib al-durriyya fi wadh' al-bankamat al-dawriyya), Taqi al-Din Ibn Ma'ruf analyses the four main types of time...
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Abu al-Wafa al-Buzjanî
Muḥammad Abūʾl-Wafāʾ al-Būzjānī (10 June 940–997 or 998) was a distinguished Muslim astronomer and mathematician, who made important contributions to the development of trigonometry. He worked in a...
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World Environment Day
 World Environment Day 5th June
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1001 Inventions To Partner With China’s Biggest Science Festival
China Science Festival to host “1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham”
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Ode to Ahmad Baba Al-Massufi
Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Ahmad al-Takruri Al-Massufi al-Timbukti, otherwise commonly known as Ahmad Baba for short, was a well-known teacher, professor, philosopher, Arabic grammarian and an author of...
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Cairo University Announces Partnership with 1001 Inventions
Cairo University joins 1001 Inventions partners in Egypt 
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World Fairtrade Day
Happy World Fair Trade Day!
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Professor Devin Stewart: The Fihrist of Ibn al-Nadīm and the Transmission of Knowledge in the Islamic World
On Wednesday 22nd April, a public lecture exploring “The Fihrist of Ibn al-Nadeem and the Transmission of Knowledge in the Islamic World” was presented by Professor Devin Stewart at the Al-Furqan...
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Ibn Yunus and The Pendulum: A History of Errors
In this article, Professor David A. King explores the authenticity of the statement that tenth-century Egyptian astronomer Ibn Yūnus was the first person to use a pendulum to measure time. After...
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RECENT ARTICLES

Qarawiyin Mosque
Almost entirely enclosed by narrow alleyways, the mosque of Qarawiyin, [in Fes] like many an ancient European...
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Professor Qasim Al-Samarrai
Professor Qasim Al-Samarrai Lecture on the The Edition of Arabic Manuscripts
On Wednesday 28th November 2012, Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation in London organised a public lecture...
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Al-Khawarizmi (780 - 850 CE)
Algebra, algorithm, quadratic equation, sine function... just some of the terms which would not be known to...
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Figure 2: Rustam's birth: Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws, at the Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 1520, fol. 72b.). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 3: Hippocrates on the simurg on his way to prepare drugs (Falname, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 1703, fol. 38b). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 4: Rustam's birth: Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 1496, fol. 60a.). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 5: The birth of the calf named Purmaye. Image from Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws), Türk Islam Eserleri Müzesi Kütüphanesi, 1978, fol. 15b). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 6: Newly born albino Zal. Image from Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws), Türk Islam Eserleri Müzesi Kütüphanesi, 1978, fol. 41a). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 7: Zal, the albino, on the simurg. Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws), Topkapi Palace Museum Library, Album No 2153, vr. 23a). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 8: The petition room (arz odasi) of the Ottoman Sultans living in the Topkapi Palace. (© Salim Aydüz).
Figure 2: Page from the Latin translation of Isagoge Johannitii in Tegni Galeni, a medical book by Hunayn ibn Ishaq (ca. 809-873). (Source).
Figure 3: View of Kitab al-Malaki (Royal book) of Ali ibn al-‘Abbas al-Majusi (fl. 940-980), known as Haly Abbas, which exerted a strong influence on the Western universities. Dedicated to a Prince of Shiraz, this well-organized compendium of medical theory and practice purported to contain everything a physician needed to know for proceeding with treatment. (Source).
Figure 4: Detail from the Latin version of Haly Abbas's Liber Totius Medicine Necessaria (1523). (Source).
Figure 5a-b: Page of Yuhanna Ibn Masawayh's (d. 857-858) Liber de simplicibus (13th-14th centuries). Treasured in the Middle Ages as a sort of "physician's desk reference," this work on simples and their applications has a remarkable number of decorative initial letters. (Source).
Figure 6a-b: Two pages from volume 30 of the book of medicine and surgery Al-Tasrif by Abu-l-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis), as preserved in a manuscript in The Institute of Manuscripts of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences in Baku. (Source a) - (Source b).
Figure 7a-b: Two pages from the original manuscript of Al-Tasrif depicting surgical instruments. © Institute of Manuscripts of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences in Baku (Source a) – (Source b).
Figure 8a-b: Front views of two Islamic hospitals: The bimaristan of Nur al-Din in Damascus, founded in 1154, and the Complex of Sultan al-Mansur Qalawun (Mausoleum, Madrasa and Hospital) in Cairo, founded in 1285 . (Source a) - (Source b).
Figure 9: Medical prescription issued by the director of the Bimaristan Qalawun dating from the 9th century H/15th century CE, Mamluk period. © Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo. (Source).
Figure 10: Pages 270-271 from an 18th century edition of Rhazes' treatise on smallpox and measles: Maqāla fī al-jadarī wa al-hasbah (De variolis et morbillis), in Arabic and with a Latin translation by Salomon Negri, a Melkite priest from Damascus. Glasgow University Library Special Collections Department, MS Hunter 133. (Source).
Figure 8: Front cover of Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong in Islamic Thought by Michael Cook (Cambridge University Press , 2001, Hardcover, 720 pages ), a fundamental study on morals and ethics in the social history of Islam.
Figure 7: Painting atelier of the Ottoman Sultan dating from 1595-1603. The miniature shows the author, probably the court chronicler Talikizade, caligraphist and miniature painter, working on the Shahname for Mehmet III (ruled 1595-1603). Topkapi Saray Museum, Istanbul (Inv. 1609/74a) (Source).
Figure 6: Teacher and Students by Musa Roosta, from the School of Tabriz, 17th century (Source).
Figure 5: Laila and Majnun at school, a painting by Bihzad painted in 1494 in Heart, kept now in the British Museum in London. The painting illustrates a scene of a school with few boys and girls studying and learning from their teacher (Source).
Figure 4: A scene of teaching from a manuscript of the Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa dating from 1287 CE (Süleymaniye Library, Istanbul) (Source).
Figure 3: Front cover of The Refinement of Character, the English translation by Constantine Zurayk of Miskawayeh's Tahdhib al-akhlaq (The American University of Beirut, 1968).
Figure 2: Two recent editions of the Arabic text of Miskawayh's Tahdhib al-akhlaq: Dar al-kutub al-'ilmiya (Beirut, 1985) and Dar maktabat al-hayat (Beirut, 1989).
Figure 1: Scenes of teaching and learning in Islamic history (Source).

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