Some 800 years in the past, in 1206, a brilliant Muslim scholar died : Badi' al-Zaman Abu al-‘Izz ibn Ismail ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari. He was one of the most important inventors and mechanical engineers in the history of technology. His magnum opus book of mechanics, the famous ‘Al-Jami’ bayn al’Ilm al-Nafi’ wa sina’at al-hiyal’, or ‘The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices’was the most significant treatise of the Islamic tradition of mechanical engineering and a ground breaking work in the history of mechanics.
Al-Jazari: 800 Years After
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Figure 1. The Tabula Rogeriana, drawn by al-Idrisi for Roger II of Sicily in 1154, one of the most advanced ancient world maps. Modern consolidation, created from the 70 double-page spreads of the original atlas. (Source)
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