In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid Caliph. Written on the occasion of the millemium of Cairo, The author describes the splendours of the city, especially under the Fatimids and the Mamluks, and quotes the testimonies of travellers who visited it in pre-modern times.
Cairo: A Millennial
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Figure 1. The Tabula Rogeriana, drawn by al-Idrisi for Roger II of Sicily in 1154, one of the most advanced ancient world maps. Modern consolidation, created from the 70 double-page spreads of the original atlas. (Source)
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