Several Arabic treatises dating from the 9th through the 13th century deal with environmental pollution. They cover subjects like air and water contamination, solid waste mishandling and environmental assessments of certain localities. The authors of these texts are well known scholars and physicians: al-Kindi, Qusta b. Luqa, al-Razi, Ibn al-Jazzar, al-Tamimi, Abu Sahl al-Masihi, Ibn Sina, Ali b. Ridhwan, Ibn Jumay‘, Ya‘qub al-Isra' ili, Abdullatif al-Baghdadi, Ibn al-Quff and Ibn al-Nafis. The article surveys this important corpus of environmental ecology and summarizes its contents.
Ecology in Muslim Heritage: Treatises on Environmental Pollution up to the End of 13th Cen.
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Figure 1: Sarajevo skyline. (Source: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=597483&page=66).
Figure 1: The earliest known medical description of the eye, from a 9th century work by Hunayn ibn Ishaq. This copy is dated of the 12th century (Source).
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