The aim of this paper is to investigate the various aspects of preparedness and response to natural disasters in the Arabic speaking lands during the 15th and 16th centuries, with comparison to earlier writings. Two natural disasters are focused upon: earthquakes and typhoons. Relying on specialised literary sources dedicated to these matters, the author draws also on jurisprudence opinions and decrees to describe the variety with which disasters were perceived and the different means with which they were prevented in Islamic civilisations.
Knowledge versus Natural Disasters from Arabic Sources
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Figure 1: Sarajevo skyline. (Source: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=597483&page=66).
Figure 1: The earliest known medical description of the eye, from a 9th century work by Hunayn ibn Ishaq. This copy is dated of the 12th century (Source).
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