As part of a policy to unify the various regions under Islamic rule, Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan introduced the first Umayyad gold coins in 691CE. Within a short period of time, Islamic Coins replaced all Sassanian and Byzantine coins in Muslim lands.
Umayyad Coins (661-750CE)
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Figure 1: Professor Salim Al-Hassani, Professor Mohammed Abattouy and other award recpients at the Awards Event
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