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Figure 1. The Tabula Rogeriana, drawn by al-Idrisi for Roger II of Sicily in 1154, one of the most advanced ancient world maps. Modern consolidation, created from the 70 double-page spreads of the original atlas. (Source)  If the degree of evolution of any...
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Figure 1: The Mongol Emperor Timur on his throne, after an Indian miniature by Rembrandt van Rijn. © Musée du Louvre/Bridgeman Art Library. In 1400, at the age of 67 or 68, Ibn Khaldun (1322-1406) was compelled by the Mamluk sultan al-Nasir to travel to Damascus in an effort to convince...
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Figure 1: Map of the expansion of the Islamic territories during the age of the Caliphs. (Source). Mc Neill and Waldman remark: Obviously, ancient feuds and hatreds are far from dead. The clash of doctrine that arose from Muhammad’s revelation, reinforced by...
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Summarised extracts from a full article: An Introduction to Muslim Science by Salah Zaimeche The Greek civilisation that sprang into existence centuries before Jesus (PUH) was a brilliant civilisation that encompassed subjects such as philosophy, mathematics, geography, astronomy and...
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Summarised extracts from a full article: A review on Muslim Contribution to Astronomy by Salah Zaimeche Between the 10th and 13th centuries a great transfer of knowledge and learning took place between the Muslim world and Europe. This transfer included works covering all subjects...
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Summarised extracts from a full article: A review on Muslim Contribution to Astronomy by Salah Zaimeche The work of the Muslim astronomers who lived between 9th and 12th centuries was both innovative and accurate. Its influence was felt for generations to come. Many of the most basic...
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Summarised extracts from a full article: Piri Reis - World Maps and Kitab I-Bahriye (The Book of Sea Lore) by Salah Zaimeche Versions of the Book The matter of Piri Reis' World Map, however exciting, can be the object of a subsequent study; here, focus will be placed on his...
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Summarised extracts from a full article: A review of Muslim Geography by Salah Zaimeche Ibn Jubair (Ibn Jubayr) was born in Valencia. He travelled widely, (endnote 20) offering good accounts of the life of Muslims and their surroundings throughout the known world. The extracts that follow...
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Summarised extracts from a full article: Islamic Social Sciences by Salah Zaimeche Al-Muqaddasi (or Al-Maqdisi)(endnote 1), (b. 946 - d. 1000 C.E.), originally from Al-Quds (Jerusalem), hence his name, is by far one of the most instructive of all early Islamic writers on the society of...
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Summarised extracts from a full article: Islam and Science by Salah Zaimeche "Read: In the name of your Lord Who creates - creates man from a clot. Read: And your Lord is the Most Bounteous, Who teaches by the use of the pen, teaches man that which he knew not." Quran 96:105 The crucial...
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