Scholars A-Z

Born on 1074 Died on 1144
Abu al-Qāsim Maḥmūd ibn ʿUmar al-Zamakhsharī, also called Jār Allāh (Arabic: “God’s Neighbour”)   (born March 8, 1075, Khwārezm [now in Turkmenistan or Uzbekistan]—died June 14, 1144, Al-Jurjānīya, Khwārezm), Persian-born Arabic scholar whose chief work is Al-Kashshāf ʿ...
Born on 1028 Died on 1087
A leading scholar and the foremost astronomer of his time (1028–1087). He flourished in Toledo, where he constructed instruments and conducted theoretical and observational researches in astronomy. Combining theoretical knowledge with technical skill, he excelled at the construction of precision ins...
Born on 1178
ʿAlam al-Dīn al-Ḥanafī,  (born 1178?, Egypt—died 1251, Egypt), Egyptian mathematician, astronomer, and engineer. He wrote a treatise on Euclid’s postulates, built water mills and fortifications on the Orontes River, and constructed the second-oldest existing Arabic celestial...
Born on 1193 Died on 15 Nov, 1280
Albertus Magnus, also known as Albert the Great, was one of the most universal thinkers to appear during the Middle Ages. Even more so than his most famous student, St. Thomas of Aquinas, Albert's interests ranged from natural science all the way to theology. He made contributions to logic, psycholo...

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