Scholars A-Z

Born on 870 Died on 950
A great scientist and philosopher (ca. 870-950), whose works were translated into Latin very early and had a wide diffusion and influence. Al-Farabi made notable contributions in mathematics, philosophy, epistemology and music. See Al-Fârâbî as a Source of the History of Philosophy and of Its De...
Born on 805 Died on 880
One of the famous astronomers in the 9th century. Born in 805 at Ferghana (present Uzbekistan), he worked in Baghdad, where he was connected to the group of scholars led by the brothers Banu Musa. Later he moved to Cairo, where he composed a very important treatise on the astrolabe around 856. There...
Died on 777
Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Habib ibn Suleiman ibn Samura ibn Jundab Al-Fazari was the first Muslim astronomer to construct astrolabes. He flourished around the second half of the 8th century CE in Baghdad. For more detail click here.
Born on 718
Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi was a writer and philologist from southern Arabia (modern day Oman) who compiled the first dictionary of the Arabic language, the Kitab al-Ayn.