Scholars A-Z

Born on 965 Died on 1039
Iraqi polymath scientist, who lived in Egypt (965 – 1039-40), called al-Basri, after his birthplace in the city of Basra, he died in Cairo, where he spent a splendid scientific career. He made significant contributions to the principles of optics, as well as to anatomy, astronomy, engineering, mathe...
Born on 1213
In addition to his own astronomical accomplishments, Ibn al‐Hāʾim provides important historical information on earlier astronomers in al‐Andalus.    Click here for more information.
Born on 790 Died on 853
ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Ḥabīb was born in kūrat Ilbīra, a small village near Granada, where he may have started his studies. He was a druggist (ʿaṭṭār) like his father. Click here for more information.
Died on 988
In the year 972 (361 A.H.) the Muslim merchant and traveller, Ibn Hawqal, visited the island of Sicily (Siqiliya). The description of his visit, taken from his larger work, Kitab al-masalik wa-l-mamalik, is limited to the city of Palermo and its environs. At the end of the chapter on Sicily, the aut...