Scholars A-Z

Born on 718 Died on 791
Al Khalil Ibn Ahmed (b.Baghdad 718 CE), a philologist, categorised the metres of classical Arabic poetry into sixteen distinct types (Taf‘ila) of eight-word units. A systemof scanning was used, where “1” indicates a sound and “0“ indicates silence (i.e. no vowel). The verbalmetre is a coded order re...
Born on 718
In the year 248 AH (862-3 CE), a bookseller arrived in Basra from the province of Khurasan in North-east Persia, bringing with him a dictionary of the Arabic language in forty-eight parts or copy-books. Its title was "Kitab al-'Ain" (the book of the letter 'Ain), and it was ascribed to a famous scho...
Born on 1160 Died on 1233
Historian who recorded history as a sequence of military engagements, such as the Mongol invasion of the Islamic Empire. Believed history had both religious and mundane value and that moral lessons could be drawn from it to reform kingdoms. Abridged al-Tabari 's history and continued it through 1231...
ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā al-Asṭurlābī, author of an early Arabic treatise on the astrolabe and an opponent of astrology, enjoyed renown as an astronomical instrument maker and contributed to observations initiated by the ʿAbbāsid caliph Maʾmūn. He took part with Khālid ibn ʿAbd al-Malik al-Marwarrūdhī and othe...

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