Scholars A-Z

Born on 800 Died on 860
Al-Abbas ibn Said al-Jawhari was an an Arab mathematician. He lived and worked in Damascus and Baghdad. He is known for writing a book, Commentary on Euclid's Elements. We know little of al-Jawhari's life except that he was associated with the remarkable House of Wisdom that was set up in Baghd...
Born on 1753 Died on 1825
The multi-volume chronicle of the Cairo scholar Abd al-Rahman al-Jabarti (1754-1825), known in Arabic as cAja-’ib al-atha-r fi- al-tara-jim wa-al-akhba-r, which translates roughly as The Most Wondrous Achievements: Biographies and Reports of Events, is the single most important primary source for th...
Born on 776 Died on 868
Widely believed to be of Ethiopian descent, the African-Arab, al-Jahiz (the more common appellation, due to an eye deformity) is referred to as the “father of the theory of evolution” by some historians. Born in 776 and raised in Iraq, through daily attendance at the Masjid (Mosque) lectures, such a...
Died on 1342
Aydamur al-Jaldaki was an alchemist from Jaldak, a town eighteen kilometres away from Mashad in Khurasan. He lived in Damascus, and then moved to Cairo, where he died between 750 AH/1349-1350 CE and 762 AH/1360-1361 CE. He left about fifteen works on alchemy, of one which is his Book of Demonstratio...

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