Scholars A-Z

Born on 1100 Died on 1200
Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Khair ibn 'Umar ibn Khalifa al-Ishbili is a Hispano- Muslim scholar, born in Seville in 1108-1109, studied in Seville and Cordova, and died in Cordova in 1179. He compiled a bibliography (Fihrist) containing more than 1400 titles of books composed by Spanish Muslims on every su...
Born on 953 Died on 1029
Abu Bakr Muhammed Al-Karaji is a Muslim mathematician and engineer from the late 10th century-early 11th century. Of Persian origin, he spent an important part of his scientific life in Baghdad where he composed ground breaking mathematical books. Al-Karaji is also the author of Inbat al-miyah al-kh...
Born on 718 Died on 791
Al Khalil Ibn Ahmed (b.Baghdad 718 CE), a philologist, categorised the metres of classical Arabic poetry into sixteen distinct types (Taf‘ila) of eight-word units. A systemof scanning was used, where “1” indicates a sound and “0“ indicates silence (i.e. no vowel). The verbalmetre is a coded order re...
Born on 718
In the year 248 AH (862-3 CE), a bookseller arrived in Basra from the province of Khurasan in North-east Persia, bringing with him a dictionary of the Arabic language in forty-eight parts or copy-books. Its title was "Kitab al-'Ain" (the book of the letter 'Ain), and it was ascribed to a famous scho...

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