Scholars A-Z

Born on 953 Died on 1029
Abu Bakr Muhammed Al-Karaji is a Muslim mathematician and engineer from the late 10th century-early 11th century. Of Persian origin, he spent an important part of his scientific life in Baghdad where he composed ground breaking mathematical books. Al-Karaji is also the author of Inbat al-miyah al-kh...
Born on 718 Died on 791
Al Khalil Ibn Ahmed (b.Baghdad 718 CE), a philologist, categorised the metres of classical Arabic poetry into sixteen distinct types (Taf‘ila) of eight-word units. A systemof scanning was used, where “1” indicates a sound and “0“ indicates silence (i.e. no vowel). The verbalmetre is a coded order re...
Born on 718
In the year 248 AH (862-3 CE), a bookseller arrived in Basra from the province of Khurasan in North-east Persia, bringing with him a dictionary of the Arabic language in forty-eight parts or copy-books. Its title was "Kitab al-'Ain" (the book of the letter 'Ain), and it was ascribed to a famous scho...
Born on 1320 Died on 1380
Khalīlī was an astronomer associated with the Umayyad Mosque in the center of Damascus. A colleague of the astronomer Ibn al‐Shāṭir, he was also a muwaqqit – i. e., an astronomer concerned withʿilm al‐mīqāt, the science of timekeeping by the Sun and stars and regulating the astronomically defined ti...

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