Scholars A-Z

Khalifa Ben Abi Al-Mahassin (13th century) of Aleppo, who is the author of a large work of 564 pages in which he describes and gives drawings of various surgical instruments including 36 instruments for eye surgery. He is known to us through his work containing 250 pp on eye surgery; the treatise en...
Born on 971 Died on 1029
From his works we know that Kushyar was primarily an astronomer who wrote texts on astronomy and geography. He produced astronomical tables and also wrote a work on the astrolabe. Most significant in terms of this archive is his work on Hindu reckoning being the earliest known work on Arabic arithme...
Muhamad B. Ali Rustum Al-Khurasani was an engineer, who between 1146 and 1169, constructed the clock placed at the Bab Jairun (often called the bab as'aa, (door of the clock) of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, which had been burnt down in 1166-7. This clock was seen and described by travellers such...
Died on 1741
Although we are unsure of the date of his birth, due to his name, we know of his ethnicity and place of residence. He was from the Fulani people, the great herders of West Africa, who produced some of the outstanding scholars of the Bilad al-Sudan; such as Modibbo Muhammed al-Kaburi, a leading fi...

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