Scholars A-Z

Born on 786 Died on 833
Al-Ḥajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn Maṭar was an Arab mathematician and translator.   Almost nothing is known about his life, except that he was active in Baghdad, then the capital of the ʿAbbāsid Empire.   He was the first author who translated Euclid's Elements from Greek into Arabic. Hi...
Born on 1008 Died on 1074
A physician from Toledo, he lived from 1008 to 1074. He is the author of a treatise on ophalmology and of another on simple medical substances. The latter was famous in Europe under the title Liber Abenguefith Philosophi de virtutibus medicinarum et ciborum, after its Latin translation by Gherard of...
Abu-Abdullah Muhammad ibn Īsa Māhānī was a Persian Muslim mathematician and astronomer from Mahan, Kermān, Persia.   A series of observations of lunar and solar eclipses and planetary conjunctions, made by him from 853 to 866, was in fact used by Ibn Yunus.   He wrote comm...
Died on 994
A famous Persian physician. Born in Ahwaz, he flourished under the Buwayhid Sultan Adhud al-Dawla. He died in 994. He is considered one of the three greatest physicians of the Eastern Caliphate of his time. Among his important books a medical encyclopaedia called Al-Kitab al-kamil as-sina'a at-tibbi...

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