Scholars A-Z

Died on 1228
Ibn Munim from Marrakech used Khayyam's earlier studies to plot a triangular numerical grid that allowed him to figure permutations and combinations. This exercise yields, for example, the maximum number of words that can be created with the 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet. Four hundred years late...
Born on 1236 Died on 1304
Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon, known as Don Profeit or Profatius Judaeus (ca. 1236-1305). Profatius studied medicine at Montpellier and seems to have lived in Spain for a year. He translated from Arabic to Hebrew Euclid's Elements and Data, Alhazen's On the Configuration of the World,...
Born on 13 Dec, 1380 Died on 29 Feb, 1436
Al-Kashi remains to this day known for his great mathematical output. He produced his treatise Risala al-Muhitiya (Treatise on the Circumference) in July 1424, a work in which he calculated 2 [pi] to nine sexagesimal places and translated this into sixteen decimal places. This was an achie...
Kaatib Musa was a jurist, judge and imam (leader of prayers) of Malinke origin who held the post of scholar during the early 15th century. The title kaatib indicates that he was perhaps a scribe in his younger years who was employed to copy books and to administer the government chanc...

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