Scholars A-Z

Born on 998 Died on 1061
An Egyptian physician, astrologer and astronomer, born in Jiza (ca. 998-ca. 1061). He was a commentator on Greek medicine, and in particular on Galen and Hippocrates. He is also known for his observation of the Supernova that appeared in the sky in 1006, which he mentioned in his commentary on Ptole...
Born on 1149 Died on 1209
Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi was a Persian Sunni Muslim theologian and philosopher who wrote in Arabic. He was born in 1149 in Ray (today located in Iran), and died in 1209 in Herat (today located in Afghanistan). He also wrote on medicines, physics, astronomy, literature, history and law.   He s...
Died on 1295
Hasan al-Rammah (died 1295) was a Syrian chemist and engineer. He was the first Muslim chemist to successfully create and engineer modern explosives. Hasan al-Rammah included 107 gunpowder recipes. He improved upon the gunpowder that was invented in China. He was the first Muslim to invent expl...
Born on 18 Jul, 1013 Died on 24 Sep, 1054
Hermann of Reichenau was an 11th-century scholar, composer, music theorist, mathematician, and astronomer. He composed the Marian prayer Alma Redemptoris Mater. He was beatified (cultus confirmed) in 1863.