Scholars A-Z

Born on 912 Died on 961
Ḥisdai ibn Shaprut was Jewish physician, translator, and political figure who helped inaugurate the golden age of Hebrew letters in Moorish Spain and who was a powerful statesman in a number of major diplomatic negotiations. Click here for more information.
Born on 1500 Died on 18 Apr, 1558
Hürrem Sultan, also called Roxelana, was born in year 1500 to an Ukrainian father. She was enslaved during the Crimean Turks raids on Ukraine during the reign of Yavuz Sultan Selim, and presented to the Ottoman palace. She was the most beloved concubine of Süleyman the Magnificent and became his wif...
Died on 1223
When for various reasons, the Jayrun water clock became unworkable, Al-Khurasani's son Fakhr Eddin, author of a book on astronomical clocks, repaired and improved it. This son is commonly known as Ibn Al-Saati, born in Damascus where he also flourished, and where he eventually died in 1223.
Born on 1305 Died on 1375
Ibn al-Shatir was a prolific author on scientific instruments, astronomy and mathematics; his most influential work being his Zij al-Jadid, composed after the non extant Taliq al-Arsad, presumably a report of his observations at Damascus, and the Nihayat al-Sul, the exposition of his planetary theor...