Scholars A-Z

Died on 1185
Andalusian philosopher, physician and court official (ca 1100-1185 CE). Born in Andalus, he died in Morocco where he was appointed a vizier and physician for Abu Ya'qub Yusuf, the Almohad Caliph, to whom he recommended Ibn Rushd as his own successor when he retired in 1182. Ibn Tufayl is famous for...
Born on 1236 Died on 1304
Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon was a Provençal, Jewish astronomer. Jacob occupies a considerable place in the history of astronomy in the Middle Ages. His works, translated into Latin, were quoted by Copernicus, Reinhold, and Clavius. He was also highly reputed as a physician, and, according to Jean As...
Mardi bin Ali al-Tarsusi was a 12th-century Ayyubid writer and expert on military matters. He wrote a number of treatises, including a military manual for Saladin in 1187. His writings have proved an invaluable resources for medieval and military historians.   The well known treatise...
Born on 839 Died on 923
Al-Tabarî's acquisition of knowledge was to embrace not only history, Qur'an exegesis, Hadith and Fiqh, but he also possibly wrote in the field of ethics and had an educated person's interest in Arabic poetry. In Ta'rikh ar-Rusul wa'l-Muluk, a work that took forty years to complete, Al Tabarî looks...

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