Figure 1: Islamic Celestial Globe in brass, dated 1630 CE. This globe served both as a map of the heavens, as viewed from outside the starry sphere, and as a precision tool for making astronomical calculations. Engraved on its surface are various coordinate lines, constellation figures, and Arabic inscriptions. The stars are made of embedded bits of silver. The globe is hollow and was cast in one seamless piece. Source: http://www.nasm.si.edu/exploretheuniverse/etu_ne.htm.
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Figure 1: Akil Muhtar Özden (1877-1946).
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Figure 1: The cover page of the book Kitāb al-hiyal.
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Figure 1. View of Toledo, the city of Al-Zarqali, dominated by the famous Alcazar. Source: http://www.toledoaldia.com/alcazarIV_toledo.htm
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Figure 1: Extract from Jordanus' De planisphaeri figurationei. Source: http://www.ub.unibas.ch/kadmos/gg/pic/gg0287_009_txt.htm.
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The following article by Professors Menso Folkerts and Richard Lorch, from Munich University in Germany,...