Geography

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The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse
The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it was the thriving capital of the Muslim world. It was home to the House of Wisdom, an academy of knowledge that attracted brains from far and wide....
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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the...
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Al-Muqaddasi and Human Geography: An Early Contribution to Social Sciences
Recent scholarly interest in the genesis of social sciences in Islamic culture is a noteworthy shift. Until recent times, the development of these fields was credited exclusively to the modern...
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LATEST ARTICLES

Ode to Sheikh Abdul al-Amawi: The Old Man of Barawa
In this article, Natty Mark Samuels explores the life and contributions of 19th Century Abdul Aziz al-...
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Scholarly Traditions of the Schools in Baghdad: The Mustansiria as a Model
Baghdad schools are a challenging topic, involving several different facets of history. These include...
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Nearly 3 Centuries old light system illuminates a sacred grave on Sun's equinox
This year has been chosen as "International Year of Light (IYL2015)" by UNESCO, what a perfect time...
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This is a close up view of a famous map drawn by&nbsp;Abraham Cresques&nbsp;in 1375 in Europe, which depicts&nbsp;Emperor Mansa Musa&nbsp;(<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Cresques" target="_blank">Source</a>)
Song of Suwari: Ode to West African Scholars
Although some contemporary historians may argue otherwise, in the past, particularly in places such as West...
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Lund Astronomical Clock
The genesis of this article lies in a recent visit to the Romanesque cathedral of Lund. While in the...
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The International Year of Light Sheds Light on the Dark Ages
The UNESCO International Year of Light and Light-Based Technologies is a multi-faceted celebration of light...
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