Geography

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When the World was Upside Down: Maps from Muslim Civilisation
We tend to take many things for granted. Today, we are equipped with numerous means of communication and transport over land, sea and air. We have such freedom to swiftly travel around the globe, so...
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Ravy (Rayy)
Rayy was a city in the old Persian region of Media, during the Islamic times in the province of Djibal...
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The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse
The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it was the thriving capital of the Muslim world. It was home to the House of Wisdom, an academy of knowledge that attracted brains from far and wide....
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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Architecture Under Seljuk Patronage (1038-1327)
The Seljuks were the first Turkish dynasty to rule the Muslim World reviving the dying Caliphate. Their...
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The Great Ummayad Mosque
The Great Ummayyad Mosque remains one of the great symbols of the glorious period of Muslim civilisation and...
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The Role of Sicily in the transfer of Islamic Science to the West
The role of Sicily in the transfer of Muslim science to the West has been well studied by Michelle Amari, but...
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Ibn Tulun Mosque
Ibn Tulun Mosque is a rare example where Europeans openly admitted its influence on the development of many...
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A'mr Mosque
In year 642AD, A'mr Ibn Al-Aas laid the foundations of the first and oldest Mosque in Egypt and Africa....
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The Book of Water (Kitab Al-Ma'a)
Kitab Al-Ma'a, a strange title for the first known Encyclopedia of Medicine arranged according to the...
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