Geography

FEATURED ARTICLES

The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the...
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Al-Muqaddasi and Human Geography: An Early Contribution to Social Sciences
Recent scholarly interest in the genesis of social sciences in Islamic culture is a noteworthy shift. Until recent times, the development of these fields was credited exclusively to the modern...
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Gaza at the Crossroad of Civilisations: Two Contemporary Views
Gaza, this tormented part of Palestine, land of suffering and resistance, is also a land of long history. This article presents two recent attempts to recover the ancient and medieval history of Gaza...
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Al-Hambra Palace and the river of paradise
The palace is an architectural masterpiece in every term. The composition of courts, gardens and water...
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Piri Reis maps America
In 1513 Piri Reis presented his famous map of the New World to the Sultan, giving the Ottomans, well before...
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Transmission of Muslim Astronomy to Europe
It was in Muslim Toledo, Spain, where flocked in the 12th century, in particular, scholars from all Christian...
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The Globalisation of Crops
As the Muslims advanced, they introduced methods and machinery of the Ancient Near East, and also certain...
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Farming Manuals
Muslim farming manuals developed ways and methods for increasing production and productivity, and maintaining...
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Eye Specialists in Islamic Cultures
"I invite you... to go back with me 1000 years to consider the fascinating history of the old Arabian...
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