Geography

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The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse
The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it was the thriving capital of the Muslim world. It was home to the House of Wisdom, an academy of knowledge that attracted brains from far and wide....
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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the...
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Al-Muqaddasi and Human Geography: An Early Contribution to Social Sciences
Recent scholarly interest in the genesis of social sciences in Islamic culture is a noteworthy shift. Until recent times, the development of these fields was credited exclusively to the modern...
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LATEST ARTICLES

Architecture of Muslim Spain and North Africa
First in a series of articles on the Architecture of Muslim Spain and North Africa (756-1500AD). A brief...
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Architecture of Muslim Caliphate in North Africa
The arrival of Islam to North Africa at the hands of Uqba Ibn Nafi (d.683) transformed region into a...
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The Mosque of Cordoba
One cannot visit Cordoba (in Spain) today without a trip to its main tourist attraction, The Great Mosque of...
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Al-Zahra - City of Andalus
Al-Zahra became renowned for its high advanced civilisation, style and protocol in addition to the...
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Bab Mardum Mosque - An inspiration for Gothic?
Bab Mardum Mosque was built in Toledo Spain between 999 and 1000 according to an inscription found on its...
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Al-Hambra Palace and the river of paradise
The palace is an architectural masterpiece in every term. The composition of courts, gardens and water...
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