Geography

FEATURED ARTICLES

The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the...
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Al-Muqaddasi and Human Geography: An Early Contribution to Social Sciences
Recent scholarly interest in the genesis of social sciences in Islamic culture is a noteworthy shift. Until recent times, the development of these fields was credited exclusively to the modern...
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The Islamic Heritage in China: A General Survey
In this article, Anthony Garnaut, an expert of the Muslim Chinese culture, focuses on the Islamic heritage in China and its relevance to understanding both the evolution of Chinese history and...
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Ahmad Ibn Fadhlan in Northern Europe: A Survey of his Account of Russian Vikings in the 10th Century
One of the earliest detailed descriptions of Northern Europe is reported in the account written by the Arab Muslim writer and traveler Ahmad Ibn Fadhlan, who was sent in 921 CE as the secretary to an...
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Spain's Islamic Legacy
Muslims ruled in Spain and Portugal over a period of 800 years. When the Christians finally forced out the...
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Christopher Wren and the Muslim Origin of Gothic Architecture
Christopher Wren's respect for Muslim architecture is displayed in his adoption of numerous Muslim...
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Al-Qayrawan Mosque
The Qayrawan Mosque contributed a great deal to the development of architecture in the Muslim world. With its...
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Cordoba, European Jewel of the Middle Ages
Cordoba used to be the jewel of Europe dazzling visitors from the North. With over 70 public libraries during...
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Foundation Background
The Great Ummayad Mosque
The Great Ummayyad Mosque remains one of the great symbols of the glorious period of Muslim civilisation and...
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