Geography

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Ravy (Rayy)
Rayy was a city in the old Persian region of Media, during the Islamic times in the province of Djibal...
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The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse
The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it was the thriving capital of the Muslim world. It was home to the House of Wisdom, an academy of knowledge that attracted brains from far and wide....
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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the...
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Ibn Battuta
The Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta is known as the greatest traveller of premodern times. He lived in the 8th...
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The Legacy of Muslim Kung Fu Masters
An important legacy of Islam in China is represented by Muslim Kung Fu, developed throughout history by...
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Mapping and Picturing: Maps as Records of History
A study of historical maps and sea charts indicates that cartographers have often considered map making as an...
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Scandinavia and Ibn Fadlan
This short article provides brief accounts of Ibn Fadlan's observation on Scandinavia and a people he calls...
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Turkish Contributions to Islamic Geography
Turkish contributions to geography are vast in content and have a very significant place in the history of...
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Echos of What Lies Behind the 'Ocean of Fogs' in Muslim Historical Narratives
This article is an edited version of the article originally written by the late Professor Mohammed Hamidullah...
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