Geography

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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the...
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Al-Muqaddasi and Human Geography: An Early Contribution to Social Sciences
Recent scholarly interest in the genesis of social sciences in Islamic culture is a noteworthy shift. Until recent times, the development of these fields was credited exclusively to the modern...
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Gaza at the Crossroad of Civilisations: Two Contemporary Views
Gaza, this tormented part of Palestine, land of suffering and resistance, is also a land of long history. This article presents two recent attempts to recover the ancient and medieval history of Gaza...
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The Ottoman Han (Caravanserai) and Bazzars
The expansion of commerce in the Ottoman world necessitated the introduction of new types of buildings to...
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The Destruction of the Muslim Economic System: A Prime reason for the Decline of Muslim Science
Attacks on Islamic centres of wealth on land and on sea by Western Christian pirates greatly reduced the...
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Figure 1: North African natural environment Source: Troin (1985)
The Impact of Islam on Urban Development in North Africa
This paper seeks to remind readers of the contribution of Islam to the civilisation of the peoples of North...
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Tunis in Islamic Times
Tunis, the green, was the capital of Muslim Caliphate in the Maghreb reaching an unrivalled prosperous period...
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The Contribution of Muslims to the Development of Music
An insight into the influence of Muslims on the musical revival of Europe which can be detected as early as...
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Spain's Islamic Legacy
Muslims ruled in Spain and Portugal over a period of 800 years. When the Christians finally forced out the...
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