Geography

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When the World was Upside Down: Maps from Muslim Civilisation
We tend to take many things for granted. Today, we are equipped with numerous means of communication and transport over land, sea and air. We have such freedom to swiftly travel around the globe, so...
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Ravy (Rayy)
Rayy was a city in the old Persian region of Media, during the Islamic times in the province of Djibal...
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The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse
The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it was the thriving capital of the Muslim world. It was home to the House of Wisdom, an academy of knowledge that attracted brains from far and wide....
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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Manuscript Review: The Clear Exposition of the Principles of Accountability, by Ibn al-Ukhuwwah
[Ibn al-Ukhuwwah] provides a summary of the positive and negative injunctions contained in the standard codes...
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A Sanctuary for Birds: Muslim Civilisation
Few creatures from the animal kingdom can live alongside humans in urban habitats. One of these survivalists...
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Manuscript Review: Treatise on ‘The Alive Son of the Awake’, by Ibn Tufayl
Besides [Ibn Tufayl's] contributions in medicine, he is best known for his treatise Ilayyu Ibn Yaqzan (‘The...
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Malika IV: Hurrem Sultan (Roxolana)
From Bangladesh to Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan to Nigeria, Senegal to Turkey, it is not particularly rare in our own...
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Astronomy in Medieval Jerusalem
Various medieval Arabic manuscripts preserved in libraries around the world – Leipzig, Cairo, Princeton, and...
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