FEATURED ARTICLES

Marrakesh
It is highly crucial to begin this article by the following point which not many people are aware of, but is perhaps one of the most decisive moments in Muslim history: the role played by the...
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“1001 Inventions and The World Of Ibn Al-Haytham” Film Released
The film is part of a global educational campaign launched by 1001 Inventions in partnership with UNESCO in 2015 that has engaged more than 30 million people around the world.
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The Story of Mathematics
During the Cheltenham Science Festival from 6 - 11 June 2017, a panel on “The Story of Math” took place. Professors Mona Siddiqui, Mohamed El-Gomati, Marcus du Sautoy and Dr Amira Bennison took part...
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Technology in sub-Saharan Cultures
Genetic and paleontological findings have concluded that Africa is the birthplace of the entire human race. Africa is often thought of as a continent rich in natural beauty and culture. However,...
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A Chronology - Turkey's 700-year long venture in science and technology
A chronology on "Science from the East - Techniques from the West: Turkey's 700-year long venture" is compiled by Professor Dr. Feza Günergun, Department of the History of Science, Istanbul...
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Hama
Hama is famed for its huge water wheels and it produced great scholars in geography, mathematics, medicine and much more. Here we look at a few of them.
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Largest ever Ibn Al-Haytham festival launches in Jeddah
Jeddah, 1 June 2017: HRH Prince Abdulla bin Bandar bin AbdulAziz, Deputy Governor of Makkah region launched the “1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham” exhibition as an...
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Islamic Astronomy
This article was originally published as: “Islamic Astronomy”, in Christopher Walker, ed., Astronomy before the Telescope, London: British Museum Press, 1996, pp. 143-174.
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Women Dealing with Health during the Ottoman Reign
In the history of Islamic civilization, many hospitals were founded by women, either as wives, daughters or mothers of sultans. All health personnel were male at these hospitals. In the Ottoman...
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Using an Astrolabe
The history of the astrolabe begins more than two thousand years ago, but it is in the Islamic classical world that the astrolabe was highly developed and its uses widely multiplied. Introduced to...
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Amazing Mechanical Devices from Muslim Civilisation
Fully automated environmentally friendly water raising devices, pumps, windmills and more! Discover some of the most facinating devices from the Golden Age of Muslim Civilisation that brought...
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Ravy (Rayy)
Rayy was a city in the old Persian region of Media, during the Islamic times in the province of Djibal...
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RECENT ARTICLES

Islamic Astronomy
This article was originally published as: “Islamic Astronomy”, in Christopher Walker, ed., Astronomy...
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al-Jahiz's Book of Animals: The transcendent value of disgust
Jeannie Miller, an assistant professor in the department of near & Middle Eastern civilizations, is...
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A Tale of Two Civilisations: The Viking and the Muslim World
Dating back to March 2015, news regarding the discovery of a ring found on a Viking woman in an ancient...
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Ibn Al-Haytham book in Arabic now available in the UAE
1001 Inventions and the KFAS begin UAE distribution of popular children’s book with National Geographic....
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Malika II: Radiyya bint Iltutmish
Popularly referred to as Razia Sultana, this is the story of Radiyya bint Iltutmish written by Tom...
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World Book Day 2016 (UK & Ireland)
World Book Day is a yearly event first week of March, "designated by UNESCO as a worldwide celebration of...
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Figure 2. Ibn al-Haytham's Camera Obscura. The concept of the Camera Obscuraas perceived a thousand years ago by Ibn al-Haytham, who coined the Arabic term. Note the formation of the inverted image through a ray diagram. Illustration of theCamera Obscura in 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World (chief editor Salim Al-Hassani), Manchester: FSTC, 2008, 2nd Edition, ISBN: 9780955242618, p. 29. See also The Year of Ibn al-Haytham (published 15/02/2011) and Ahmed H. Zewail,Micrographia of the twenty-first century: from Camera Obscura to 4D microscopy(The Royal Society, 2010).
Figure 3. 4D electron imaging in real, Fourier and energy spaces. The conceptual design of Caltech’s UEM-2 is presented on the right; a single-electron trajectory is depicted within the UEM. The atomic-scale (femtosecond) temporal resolution characteristic of the apparatus allows for the visualization of dynamical processes in real time. Shown on the left are typical UEM frames of real-space images and diffraction patterns, together with three-dimensional maps of femtosecond-resolved electron-energy-loss spectra (FEELS). For a recent review, seeShorokhov & Zewail (2009).
Figure 4. Microscopy time line, from camera obscura to three-dimensional electron microscopes. 4D ultrafast electron microscopy and diffraction were developed a decade ago. The top inset shows the frontispiece to Hooke’s (1665) Micrographia published by the Royal Society of London. In the frontispiece to Hevelius’s Selenographia (bottom inset), Ibn al-Haytham representsRatione (the use of reason) with his geometrical proof and Galileo represents Sensu (the use of the senses) with his telescope. The two scientists hold the book’s title page between them, suggesting a harmony between the methods (Sabra 2003; Steffens 2006; Zewail & Thomas 2009).

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