FEATURED ARTICLES

Islam’s Historical Contribution to Commerce and Finance
Under the reign of Eurocentrism, the Western mind imagines that even if Islam came up with all manner of new ideas and technologies – ideas in engineering, art, mathematics and at a big push, science...
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Arabic Medicinal Manuscripts of Pre-Colonial Northern Nigeria: A Descriptive List
West African Muslim scholars produced a number of Arabic works relating to medicine, philosophy, economic studies, political thought, geography, architecture, town planning and public administration...
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When the World was Upside Down: Maps from Muslim Civilisation
We tend to take many things for granted. Today, we are equipped with numerous means of communication and transport over land, sea and air. We have such freedom to swiftly travel around the globe, so...
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When the World Spoke Arabic
At the height of the Golden Age of Muslim Civilisation, the Arabic language was the lingua franca that served as the language of science, poetry, literature, governance and art. A big movement of...
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Ibn Al-Haytham Celebrated in Al-Baha in KSA
“1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham”exhibition completed a one-week residency at the mountainous town of Al-Baha in south western Saudi Arabia...
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Malika III: Shajarat Al-Durr
Our third story is that of Shajarat al-Durr, the first woman to sit upon an Egyptian throne since Cleopatra, nearly 1,300 years before.
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Ottoman Music Therapy
Music has been used as a mean of therapy through the centuries to counter all kinds of disorders by various peoples. Physicians and musicians in the Ottoman civilization were aware of the music...
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Ibn Khaldun: Studies on His Contribution in Economy
In the following section, we focus on Ibn Khaldun's contribution to economic thought. We publish contributions by recognized scholars who endeavoured recently to give Ibn Khaldun long overdue credit...
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1001 Inventions attract thousands of visitors at the Michigan Science Center
“1001 Inventions: Untold Stories from a Golden Age of Innovation” exhibition which launched at the Michigan Science Center (MiSci) last month continues to attract thousands of visitors...
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Oxford Museum of the History of Science Online Al-Mizan Exhibition
The Oxford Museum of the History of Science launched an online Al-Mizan Exhibition, this exhibition explores the connections between the sciences and arts in societies from Muslim...
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Al-Jahiz and the Book of Animals at the Kuwait Book Fair
1001 Inventions and The Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Science (KFAS) launched today at the Kuwait International Book Fair a children’s book about 9th century explorer Al-Jahiz and his...
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Islamic Astronomy from “Star Wars” to Star Tables
The most obvious difference between modern and Islamic astronomy is that the latter is primarily mathematical and predictive, and the former has other observational goals, such as describing the...
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RECENT ARTICLES

Technology in sub-Saharan Cultures
Genetic and paleontological findings have concluded that Africa is the birthplace of the entire human race....
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© 1001 inventions House of Wisdom Sketch
The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse
The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it was the thriving capital of the Muslim world. It was home...
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Ode to Sheikh Abdul al-Amawi: The Old Man of Barawa
In this article, Natty Mark Samuels explores the life and contributions of 19th Century Abdul Aziz al-...
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'Ibn Al-Haytham: The Man Who Discovered How We see" Arabic Book at Sharjah International Book Fair
The presentation of the book at SIBF is accompanied by screenings of the short film “1001 Inventions and...
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Ode to Ahmad Baba Al-Massufi
Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Ahmad al-Takruri Al-Massufi al-Timbukti, otherwise commonly known as Ahmad Baba for...
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National Geographic and 1001 Inventions Publish “Ibn al-Haytham” Children’s Book
"Ibn al-Haytham: The Man Who Discovered How We See" releasing in 2016
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Figure 2. Ibn al-Haytham's Camera Obscura. The concept of the Camera Obscuraas perceived a thousand years ago by Ibn al-Haytham, who coined the Arabic term. Note the formation of the inverted image through a ray diagram. Illustration of theCamera Obscura in 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World (chief editor Salim Al-Hassani), Manchester: FSTC, 2008, 2nd Edition, ISBN: 9780955242618, p. 29. See also The Year of Ibn al-Haytham (published 15/02/2011) and Ahmed H. Zewail,Micrographia of the twenty-first century: from Camera Obscura to 4D microscopy(The Royal Society, 2010).
Figure 3. 4D electron imaging in real, Fourier and energy spaces. The conceptual design of Caltech’s UEM-2 is presented on the right; a single-electron trajectory is depicted within the UEM. The atomic-scale (femtosecond) temporal resolution characteristic of the apparatus allows for the visualization of dynamical processes in real time. Shown on the left are typical UEM frames of real-space images and diffraction patterns, together with three-dimensional maps of femtosecond-resolved electron-energy-loss spectra (FEELS). For a recent review, seeShorokhov & Zewail (2009).
Figure 4. Microscopy time line, from camera obscura to three-dimensional electron microscopes. 4D ultrafast electron microscopy and diffraction were developed a decade ago. The top inset shows the frontispiece to Hooke’s (1665) Micrographia published by the Royal Society of London. In the frontispiece to Hevelius’s Selenographia (bottom inset), Ibn al-Haytham representsRatione (the use of reason) with his geometrical proof and Galileo represents Sensu (the use of the senses) with his telescope. The two scientists hold the book’s title page between them, suggesting a harmony between the methods (Sabra 2003; Steffens 2006; Zewail & Thomas 2009).

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