Instruments

Instruments topics

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Principle and Use of Ottoman Sundials
Muslim astronomers and engineers invented a variety of dials for timekeeping and for determining the times of the five daily prayers. In this thorough and technical study, Professor Attila Bir...
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Modelling the Stars
The measurement of the positions of the stars was developed and refined by scientists of the Muslim world and...
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The Samarqand Observatory
The observatory of Samarqand dates from 1424AD and was a `monumental' building equipped with a huge meridian...
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The Muslim Pioneers of Astronomy
Most eminent Muslim astronomers include Al-Battani, al-Sufi, al-Biruni, and Ibn Yunus. They recorded the...
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The impact of Al-Battani on European Astronomy
Al-Battani used the widest variety of instruments: astrolabes, tubes, a gnomon divided into twelve parts, a...
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