Figure 4: Professor Al-Hassani and Dr Gjorge Ivanov, the President of Macedonia at the conference.,
Figure 3: Professor Al-Hassani presenting his lecture.,
Figure 6: The audience of the Forum listening to the presentations.,
Figure 5: View of the audience of the Forum.,
Figure 1: The gap of the so-called the "Dark" or "Medieval Ages.,
Figure 2: Rehabilitation of a logical continuity in history by eliminating the 1000 years amnesia.
Professor Charles Burnett.,
A page from the Latin translation of Euclid's Elements done from Arabic by Adelard of Bath, edited by Giovanni Campano Novarese. Venice: Erhard Ratdolt, 1482. (Source).,
Front cover of The Cross and the Crescent: The Dramatic Story of the Earliest Encounters Between Christians and Muslims by Richard Fletcher (Penguin Books, 2005).,
A page from the Latin translation of Ibn Rushd's commentary on Aristotle's De Anima (French manuscript, third quarter of the 13th century, Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, MS lat. 16151, fol. 22 (Source) and a page from the transcription in Hebrew letters of Ibn Rusd's Talkhīs kitāb al-nafs li-Aristū (Epitome of the De Anima of Aristotle) (Pappyrus, Saragossa, 1402. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale) (Source).
Figure 1: Taqi al-Din's Kitāb Nūr hadaqat al-ibsār wa-nūr haqīqat al-anzār was transmitted under different titles: here the titles in two manuscript copies held respectively at Oxford (Bodleian Library, MS Marsh 119) and Istanbul (Süleymaniye Library, Collection Laleli, MS 2558).,
Figure 2: The colophon and first two pages of Kitāb Nūr hadaqat al-ibsār wa-nūr haqīqat al-anzār. Süleymaniye Library, Collection Laleli, MS 2558, folio 1b-2a.,
Figure 3: Ottoman astronomers studying the moon and the stars in a miniature dating from the 17th century at Istanbul University Library. (Source).,
Figure 4: Extract from Kitāb Nūr, presenting the title and beginning of the first chapter. Süleymaniye Library, MS Laleli 2558, folio 3v.,
Figure 5: Reflection and refraction at the interface between air and water: a ray of light hitting a surface between two isotropic media will generally give rise to a reflected ray and a refracted ray. (Source).,
Figure 6: Front cover of a study on Ibn al-Haytham's optics in Turkish by Hüseyin G. Topdemir, Modern Optigin Kurucusu: Ibnü'l Heysem Hayati, Eserleri ve Teorileri (Ankara, 2002).,
Figure 7: Front cover of Takiyüddin'in optik kitabi by Hüseyin G. Topdemir (Ankara, 1999).