Figure 1: A folio from the Akhlaq-i Nasiri, a philosophical treatise written by Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, the prestigious scientist and intellectual. (Source).,
Figure 2: Front cover of Afghan Caravan by Safia Shah and Idries Shah (Octagon Press, 1990, paperback) in which a variant of the story narrated by the author can be found (see p. 164).,
Figure 3: Shaikh Mihna and the Peasant: Page from a manuscript of the Mantiq al-Tayr (The Language of the Birds) of Farid al-Din ‘Attar (ca. 1142–1220). This painting illustrates a story that stresses the importance of the quest (talab). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. (Source).,
Figure 31: Illustration from a Kalila wa-Dimna manuscript (1200–1220 CE, Bibliothéque Nationale, Paris, France). This is an illustration from Ibn al-Muqaffa's work entitled Kalila wa-Dimna, which he translated from Persian to Arabic in the middle of the 8th century CE. This book of animal fables with a moral and a political message became, and still is, immensely popular, and was a landmark in the development of Arabic literary prose in the Golden Age of Islam. (Source).
Figure 1: Timeline (in CE) of Ibn al-Nafis in relation to some of his contemporaries and predecessors. The filled-in event box is for Ibn al-Nafis, the dotted-boundary box for his professor Muhadhdhab al-Din al-Dakhwar and the dashed-boundary box for Ibn al-Quff, one of his most famous students.,
Figure 2: Chart showing the subject classification of Kitab al-Mûjaz fi al-Tibb of Ibn al-Nafis.,
Figure 3: Anatomical drawing of the maxillary sutures in one of the original manuscripts of Ibn al-Nafis' book Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun. Source: Ibn al-Nafis, Kitab Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun (Cairo, 1988).,
Figure 4: Anatomical drawing of the maxillary sutures in another original manuscript of Ibn al-Nafis' book Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun. Source: Ibn al-Nafis, Kitab Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun (Cairo, 1988).
Figure 2: Illustration depicting Ibn al-Haytham by Hanane Kai. (Source).,
Figure 1: Imaginary portrait of Ibn al-Haytham, drawn by FSTC. (Source).,
Figure 4: Diagram of the eye from Risner's edition in of Kitab al-Manazir in Latin: Opticœ thesavrvs Alhazeni Arabis libri septem (E. & heirs of H.Episcopius, Basel, 1572, p. 6). Credit: Wellcome Library, London. (Source).,
Figure 3: Image from Opticœ thesavrvs Alhazeni Arabis libri septem..., (Basilea, 1572), in Risner's edition of Kitab al-Manazir in Latin. Biblioteca dell'Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza, Florene, MED 2068. (Source).,
Nader El-Bizri, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool Lincoln, UK / University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK / Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Paris, France / Institute of Ismaili Studies, London, UK.