Abraham bar Hiyya

Full name: 
Abraham bar Ḥiyya ha-Nasi
Arabic name: 
صاحب الشرطة
Latin name: 
Savasorda, Abraham Judaeus
Date of birth: 
1070
Date of death: 
1136
Abraham bar Ḥiyya ha-Nas was a Jewish mathematician, astronomer and philosopher, also known as Savasorda or Abraham Judaeus. He was born in Barcelona and scholars suspect he travelled to Narbonne where he is thought to have died.
 
Abraham bar Ḥiyya's most influential work is his Ḥibbūr ha-meshīḥah we-ha-tishboret ("Treatise on Measurement and Calculation"), a Hebrew treatise on Islamic algebra and practical geometry. It was translated in 1145 into Latin by Plato of Tivoli as Liber Embadorum (the same year Robert of Chester translated al-Khwārizmī's Algebra.) It contains the first complete solution of the quadratic equation x2 - ax + b = 0 known in Europe and influenced the work of Leonardo Fibonacci.
 
Bar Ḥiyya wrote several more works on mathematics, astronomy and Jewish philosophy.