Full name: 
Abū Nasr Muhammad Ibn Tarkhān Al-Fārābī
Arabic name: 
أبو نصر محمد بن طرخان الفارابي
Latin name: 
Alfarabius, Alpharabius, Pharabius, Abunaser
Date of birth: 
Date of death: 

A great scientist and philosopher (ca. 870-950), whose works were translated into Latin very early and had a wide diffusion and influence. Al-Farabi made notable contributions in mathematics, philosophy, epistemology and music.

See Al-Fârâbî as a Source of the History of Philosophy and of Its Definition; "Al-Farabi, Abu Nasr (c.870-950)"; and Robert Hammond, The Philosophy of Alfarabi and Its Influence on Medieval Thought (1947).