Full name: 
Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi
Arabic name: 
محمود بن زكريا الرازي
Latin name: 
Date of birth: 
Date of death: 

A physician, philosopher, and scholar, born in Rayy, Iran in 251 H / 865 CE, and died there in 313 / 925. He made fundamental and enduring contributions to the fields of medicine, alchemy, and philosophy, recorded in over 184 books and articles in various fields of science.

See Al-Razi the Medical Scholar; Al-Razi on Smallpox and Measles; Selected Gleanings from the History of Islamic Medicine.