Umar al-Khayyam

Full name: 
Abū'l-Fath Ghiyāth al-Dīn ‘Umar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyāmī al-Nīshāpūrī
Arabic name: 
غياث الدين أبو الفتوح عمر بن إبراهيم الخيام النيسابوري
Date of birth: 
1048
Date of death: 
1131

‘Umar al-Khayyam (better known as Omar Khayyam, was a polymath scholar from Nishapur, Persia. Mathematician, philosopher, astronomer and poet, he also wrote treatises in Arabic on mechanics, geography, music and physics. Because of the originality of his contributions, Al-Khayyam was established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the Islamic scientific tradition.