Historic map of Venice by Piri Reis in the Kitab al-Bahriye (Book of Navigation). (Source).
East Meets West in VeniceLEARN MORE
For much of the millennium before the rise of Portugal and Spain, Venice flourished as the hub of Europe's...
Figure 1: The title of Sinan's text on the first page of MS 3306 and the first line of the text on the top of folio 132r.
A New Arabic Text of Mechanics: Sinan ibn Thabit on the Theory of Simple MachinesLEARN MORE
The Arabic manuscript Orient fol. 3306 preserved at the Staatsbibliothek in Berlin was in its original form a...
Figure 1: Entrance of Bīmaristan Arghun AI-Kāmilī, Aleppo, Syria.
Four Medieval Hospitals in SyriaLEARN MORE
The creation of hospitals as institutions for the care of sick people was developed during the early Islamic...
Figure 1: First page of the Arabic manuscript of Kitab fi al-Jadari wa-‘l-Hasaba. Source: The Leiden University Library.
A Medical Classic: Al-Razi’s Treatise on Smallpox and MeaslesLEARN MORE
Kitab fi Al Jadari wa Al Hasaba authored by the Muslim physician Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi (d....
Figure 1: The region of Tabaristan, today the north of Iran. (Source).
‘Ali b. Sahl Rabban al-Tabari Author of Firdaws al-hikma (Paradise of Wisdom)LEARN MORE
Ali b. Sahl Rabban al-Tabari Author of Firdaws al-hikma (Paradise of Wisdom) The physician, scientist and...
Figure 1: A miniature page of al-Firdawsî's Shahnama indicating the birth of Rustam. Source: Topkapi Palace Library, MS H 1479.
Caesarean Section in Early Islamic LiteratureLEARN MORE
Some medical historians of the last century mistakenly recorded that Caesarean section was strictly forbidden...