General view of Bursa, Turkey. Color photochrome print created between 1890 and 1900. (Source).
Ottoman Cash Waqfs Revisited: The Case of Bursa (1555- 1823)LEARN MORE
Cash endowments contributed to Ottoman society, without any cost to the State, by organizing and financing...
Theory of Profit .
Ibn Khaldun’s Thought in Microeconomics: Dynamics of Labor, Demand-supply and PricesLEARN MORE
In this article on Ibn Khaldun's thought in microeconomics, Cecep Maskanul Hakim analyses several central...
Figure 1: A modern statue of Ibn Khaldun stands in the center of Tunis, his native city, on the Habib Bourguiba Avenue. Photography taken in July 2007. (Source).
Ibn Khaldun and the Rise and Fall of EmpiresLEARN MORE
The 14th-century historiographer and historian Abu Zayd ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun was a brilliant scholar...
Figure 1: Statue of Ibn Khaldun in Tunis. (Source).
The Economic Theory of Ibn Khaldun and the Rise and Fall of NationsLEARN MORE
The economic theory of Ibn Khaldun and the rise and fall of nations, Selim Cafer Karatas, Ibn Khaldun on...
Figure 1a-b: Two views from Kitab al-filaha of Ibn al-Awwâm: (a) manuscript page (Source) and front cover of the edition and Spanish translation by Joseph Antonio Banqueri (Madrid: Imprenta Real, 1802). (Source). The Kitab al-Filahah al-Andalusiyah (The Book of Andalusian Agriculture) by Abu Zakariya Yahya ibn Muhammad ibn al-Awwam al-Ishbili (d. 1185) consists of 35 chapters dealing with agronomy, cattle and poultry raising, and beekeeping. It deals with 585 plants; explains the cultivation of more than 50 fruit trees; and includes many valuable observations on soils, manures, plant grafting, and plant diseases.
Gleanings from the Islamic Contribution in AgricultureLEARN MORE
The Islamic tradition of agriculture, whether in the form of the outstanding progress in agriculture...
Figure 1: A page from a manuscript of Ibn Khaldun's autobiography Al-ta'rif bi-Ibn Khaldun wa-rihlatuhu sharqan wa gharban. (Source).
Ibn Khaldun and Adam Smith: Contributions to Theory of Division of Labor and Modern Economic ThoughtLEARN MORE
The contributions of Ibn Khaldun to the development of economic thought have gone largely unnoticed in the...