Figure 1: A sphere circumscribed in a cylinder: the sphere has two thirds of the volume and surface area of the circumscribing cylinder.

The Volume of the Sphere in Arabic Mathematics: Historical and Analytical Survey

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The following article focuses on the cubic measure of the...

Figure 1: Front cover of Handsat Ūqlīdis fī aydin ‘arabiya (Euclid's geometry in Arabian hands) by Ahmad Salīm Sa‘īdān (Amman, 1991).

Ahmad Salim Sa‘idan: A Palestinian Historian of Arabic Mathematics

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Since the middle of the 20th century, the history of Arabic...

Figure 1: Vidinli Tawfik Pasha. Source: IMAGE The Bulletin of the International Linear Algebra Society, 15 (Summer 1995), p. 24.

Vidinli Huseyin Tawfik: A Modern Turkish Specialist of Linear Algebra

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This article is a biography essay on the life and works of...

Latinized Names of Muslim Scholars

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This article includes the Latinized names of Muslim...

Figure 1. Archway from the Darb-i Imam shrine in Isfahan, Iran, which was built in 1453 C.E. The larger pentagons outlined in pale blue were constructed using a large-scale girih tile pattern, and the small white pentagons were constructed using a small-scale girih tile pattern (Image courtesy of K. Dudley and M. Elliff).

A Discovery in Architecture: 15th Century Islamic Architecture Presages 20th Century Mathematics

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This article relates the discovery by two American scholars...

Figure 2: Miniature illustrations of Sawr (Taurus) and Jawzâ (Gemini). Mirzazâde Salim Efendi. Ikd al-Jumân fî târih ahl al-zaman. Istanbul University Library, T 5393.

Sine, Cosine and the Measurement of the Earth

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Mathematics has long been an area of expertise amongst...

Figure 1. An artist's impression of Al-Biruni (Image from www.muslimheritage.com).

Mathematics in Muslim Heritage

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Early mathematics was revolutionised by Muslim scholars...

Figure 1: The paper fortresses of Matrakçi depicted in his book Tuhfat al-Ghuzat (Süleymaniye Library, Esad Efendi, MS 2206).

Nasuh Al-Matrakî, A Noteworthy Ottoman Artist-Mathematician of the Sixteenth Century

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Matrakci Nasuh was a famous Ottoman polymath, writer and...

The Science of Restoring and Balancing – The Science of Algebra

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Muslim contributions in the field of mathematics have been...

Figure 1: Kórnik Castle – frontal elevation. This photo, as well as all the other photos, is taken by the author (Source: Malgorzata de Latour-Abdalla).

Islamic Art in Poland: The Kornik Castle

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The article is about the famous Kornik Castle near Poznan,...

Figure 1: The trigonometric functions of an angle q can be constructed geometrically in terms of a unit circle centered at O.

Taqi al Din Ibn Ma’ruf 's Work on Extracting the Cord 2[sup]o[/sup] and Sin 1[sup]o[/sup]

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This article by Professor Sevim Tekeli, a leading historian...

Leonard of Pisa (Fibonacci) and Arabic Arithmetic

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Professor Charles Burnett shows that Fibonacci failed to...