Ridhwan al-Sa’ati: A Biographical OutlineLEARN MORE
Fakhr al-Dīn Ridhwān ibn Rustam al-Sā'ātī (d. between 618-626 H/1220-1229 CE) was a scholar and mechanical...
Figure 1: Taqī al-Dīn's observational clock is shown in the right hand side middle of this famous picture of Istanbul observatiry. Source: Istanbul University Library, MS F1404, folio 57a.
The Astronomical Clock of Taqi Al-Din: Virtual ReconstructionLEARN MORE
In his book The Brightest Stars for the Construction of Mechanical Clocks (Al-Kawakib al-durriyya fi wadh' al...
Figure 1: Dr Geoffrey Roper (Source).
Muslim Printing Before GutenbergLEARN MORE
Gutenberg in the 15th century. Based on his work on original sources, he states that some of the early...
Picture of the pump for raising water of al-Jazari, preserved in the manuscript copy held in Topkapi Sarayi Libray, Ahmet III collection, MS 3472 .
Al-Jazari's Third Water-Raising Device: Analysis of its Mathematical and Mechanical PrinciplesLEARN MORE
Five pumps or water-raising machines are described by al-Jazari in his monumental treatise of mechanics Al-...
Manuscript view of the castle clock. Source: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Egyptian manuscript, Mamluk period, Accession number: 14.533 (ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper, 39.37 x 27.62 cm). (Source).
Al-Jazari’s Castle Water Clock: Analysis of its Components and FunctioningLEARN MORE
The first machine described by al-Jazari in his famous treatise of mechanics Al-Jami‘ bayn al-‘ilm wa 'l-‘...
Figure 1: The three basic styles of a fountain.
The Self Changing Fountain of Banu Musa bin ShakirLEARN MORE
Amongst the mechanical devices described by the Banu Musa Brothers in their book of mechanics Kitab al-hiyal...