Al-Jazari: 800 Years After
Some 800 years in the past, in 1206, a brilliant Muslim scholar died: Badi` al-Zaman Abu al-‘Izz ibn Isma`il ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari. He was one of the most important inventors and mechanical engineers in the history of technology. His magnum opus book of mechanics, the famous Al-Jami` bayn al-`ilm wa 'l-`amal al-nafi` fi sina`at al-hiyal (A Compendium on the Theory and Useful Practice of the Mechanical Arts) was the most significant treatise of the Islamic tradition of mechanical engineering and a ground breaking work in the history of mechanics.
We devote this folder, that will be enriched progressively during this year, to celebrate al-Jazari and his ground breaking work.
800 Years Later: In Memory of Al-Jazari, A Genius Mechanical Engineer
The List of Al-Jazari Articles Published on MH.com
by: FSTC Limited, Fri 01 February, 2008
Al-Jazari: The Mechanical Genius by: Professor Salim Al-Hassani
Professor Salim Al-Hassani
The following short survey presents a rapid overview on the life, work and achievements of Al-Jazari, the most famous mechanical engineer of his time, some 1000 years ago. Al-Jazari brought Islamic technology to a culminant point. The author provides also web links and data related to the work achieved by himself and FSTC on Islamic technology, in general, and on Al-Jazari's ground breaking work, in particular.
A Review of Early Muslim Control Engineering by: Professor Mohamed Mansour
Professor Mohamed Mansour
During the period of Islamic-Arabic extraordinary activity in Science and Technology (9th-13th century), there are some recorded contributions to the area of Automatic Control mainly in the development of water clocks using float valve regulators, different level controls using float valves or combination of syphons and the development of On-Off control. In this short survey, Professor Dr Mohamed Mansour, former Professor of Control Engineering At ETH Zürich surveys the subject by investigating the words of Banu Musa, Al-Muradi, Ridhwan al-Sa'ati and Al-Jazari.
The Machines of Al-Jazari and Taqi Al-Din by: FSTC Limited
Prof. Salim T S Al-Hassani
In this pioneering survey of some of the machines of Al-Jazari and Taqi Al-Din, Professor Salim Al-Hassani uses in-depth analysis with the tools of modern technology to make them live again. Relying on the original manuscripts and applying modern engineering technology and graphic modelling with computers, we can see these machines designed and described many centuries ago come to life.
Pioneers of Automatic Control Systems by: FSTC Limited
Although the feedback concept, which is lying in the foundation of dynamic systems, has been perceived relative recently, the idea was understood and applied correctly by the Muslim scientists.
Attempts of Flight, Automatic Machines, Submarines and Rocket Technology in Turkish History by: FTSC Limited
In the Islamic world, great importance was placed upon the study of natural sciences and technology. This article brings out some of the important works of Turkish Muslim scholars in the fields of automatic machines, clocks and rocket technology.
Automation and Robotics in Muslim Heritage: The Cultural Roots of al-Jazari's Mechanical Systems by: FSTC Limited
This short paper introduces a longer essay by Prof. Gunalan Nadarajan, Associate Dean of Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Arts and Architecture at Penn State University. The essay draws on the work of al-Jazari, the famous 13th century Islamic scholar, engineer and scientist.
The Mechanics of Banu Musa in the Light of Modern System and Control Engineering by: FSTC Limited
This article is a review of the book published recently by Professor Attila Bir (Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Istanbul) on Banu Musa's book of mechanics studied in the framework of modern system and control engineering.
800 Years Later: In Memory of Al-Jazari, A Genius Mechanical Engineer by: FSTC Limited
Al-Jazari (1136-1206) was an important Arab Muslim scholar. He was an inventor and mechanical engineer who gained fame and glory with his famous book of mechanics Al-Jami `bayn al-`ilm wa 'l-`amal al-nafi `fi sina `at al-hiyal (A Compendium on the Theory and Useful Practice of the Mechanical Arts), the most significant treatise of the Islamic tradition of mechanical engineering and a ground breaking work in the history of technology. Some 800 years after his death, modern history of science is appealed to give him credit and celebrate his work.
Overview on al-Jazari and his Mechanical Devices by: FSTC Limited
In this article, Professor Yavuz Unat, a known historian of science from Ankara University, draws a general survey on al-Jazari and his treatise. He describes some of his machines and points out the numerous technological innovations brought about by al-Jazari in their design and physical principles.
An 800 Years Old Ancestor: Today’s Science of Robotics and al-Jazari by: FSTC Limited
Introducing al-Jazari's ancestry to modern cybernetics and robotics science, Prof. Toygar Akman narrates in this testimony article his own discovery of the work of the great 13th century Muslim scholar. He shows further how al-Jazari's mechanical achievements laid the ground to a proto science of robotics avant la lettre.